DEPRESSION:SYMPTOMS AND
TREATMENT
Depression is an illness that involves
the body, mood, and thoughts and
affects the way a person eats and
sleeps, the way one feels about
oneself, and the way one thinks
about things. Depressive disorders
are characterized by pervasive mood
changes that affect all aspects of an
individual’s daily functioning. A
depressive disorder is not the same
as a passing blue mood and is more
than a case of persistent sadness.
SYMTOMS OF DEPRESSION ALSO
INCLUDE: feelings of worthlessness,
hopelessness, helplessness, guilt,
lack of interest in daily activities,
irritability, loss of energy, loss of
appetite, sleep problems, self-
loathing and thoughts of suicide.
Depression is not a sign of personal
weakness or a condition that can be
wished away. People with a
depressive disease cannot merely
“pull themselves together” and get
better. Without treatment,
symptoms can last for weeks,
months, or years. Appropriate
treatment, however, can help most
people with depression.
Depression can also be caused by
medications, pregnancy, postpartum
state, abuse, associated illness,
chronic stress, seasonal affective
disorder, and other conditions.
Depressive disorders feature not
only negative thoughts, moods, and
behaviors but also specific changes
in bodily functions (like, eating,
sleeping, energy and sexual activity,
as well as developing aches or
pains).
One in 10 people will have a
depression in their lifetime. Because
depression can lead to self-harm
including suicide, it is important to
note that one of every 25 suicide
attempts results in death.
Some types of depression, especially
bipolar depression, run in families.
While there are many social,
psychological, and environmental
risk factors for developing
depression, some are particularly
prevalent in one gender or the
other, or in particular age or ethnic
groups.There can be some
differences in signs and symptoms of
depression depending on age,
gender, and ethnicity.
Depression is only diagnosed
clinically in that there is no
laboratory test or X-ray for
depression. It is therefore crucial to
see a health professional as soon as
you notice symptoms of depression
in yourself, your friends, or family.
Depression untreated or under
treated, it can worsen or
return.There are many safe and
effective medications, particularly
the SSRI antidepressants that can be
of great help in the treatment of
depression.
For full recovery from a mood
disorder, regardless of whether
there is a precipitating factor or it
seems to come out of the blue,
treatments with medications,
phototherapy and/or
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or
transcranial magnetic stimulation
(TMS), as well as psychotherapy and
participation in support groups are
often necessary.

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